Download Democratic Representation in Europe: Diversity, Change, and by Maurizio Cotta, Heinrich Best PDF
By Maurizio Cotta, Heinrich Best
Democratic illustration in Europe: range, swap and Convergence explores illustration as a center portion of democracies within the glossy period. over the last a hundred and fifty years parliamentary illustration has built right into a major hyperlink among polity and society, and parliamentary representatives have come to shape the nucleus of political elites. The twenty authors of the sixteen chapters stick to a comparative and empirical technique via exploiting the original longitudinal data-base of the EURELITE undertaking, which has accumulated standardized facts concerning the constructions of parliamentary illustration in eleven ecu nations and their improvement through the years; in lots of nations over a hundred and sixty years. Following on from an past e-book through an identical editors (Parliamentary Representatives in Europe 1848-2000.) which desirous about developments in unmarried eu international locations, this booklet pursues a trans-national technique through evaluating the mechanisms and modes of parliamentary recruitment and occupation formation among the most get together households and diverse different types of the inhabitants in ecu societies. Such cross-national analyses, which come with a longitudinal account of lady illustration all through sleek ecu parliamentary historical past, haven't been tried sooner than. The publication concludes with longitudinal in-depth analyses of cleavage illustration in eu parliamentary historical past and of the effect of the institutional issue on political elites' transformations.Democratic illustration in Europe contributes to a greater figuring out of relatives among social and political swap, and of the significance of institutional components in shaping the political elites of ecu democracies. In so doing it could aid substantiate theoretical debates within the social and political sciences on concerns corresponding to old institutionalism and course dependency.
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Additional info for Democratic Representation in Europe: Diversity, Change, and Convergence (Comparative Politics)
However, this limitation also has advantages, since a decrease in distinctiveness should be seen most clearly in a cluster of countries 10 Parliamentary Representatives from Early Democratization which are already uniﬁed economically, and which share common values and institutions. If globalization has an impact, European integration should have anticipated it. 2. Democratization Theory: The State of the Art The second main theoretical perspective to which we refer in our work is democratization theory.
Even if we apply the most general notion of this concept which asserts that the broad direction of this development ‘must be that of an opening of political societies’ (Blondel 1997: 96) and an ‘expansion of choice opportunities’ (Apter 1965: 6), we see at least a contradictory picture. In some areas, recruitment patterns developed in a linear way, while in other areas resisted the pressure of general social change for decades, followed a cyclical course or diverged, while there was no diffusion of modernity.
No wonder, therefore, that political elites have been expected to represent the national distinctiveness of polities and societies. The question is, of course, was (and is) this assumption true? Could (and can) a particular polity be identiﬁed by scrutinizing the makeup of its political elite? The concept of globalization has led to the claim that national boundaries are losing their signiﬁcance and that the (relative) integrity and self-sufﬁciency of national states and societies, as well as their capacity to set and apply the rules of the game, is fading.