Download Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology by G. L. Ada, P. D. Jones (auth.), A. Clarke, R. W. Compans, M. PDF

By G. L. Ada, P. D. Jones (auth.), A. Clarke, R. W. Compans, M. Cooper, H. Eisen, W. Goebel, H. Koprowski, F. Melchers, M. Oldstone, R. Rott, P. K. Vogt, H. Wagner, I. Wilson (eds.)

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Extra resources for Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology

Sample text

BRACIALE and YAP 1978; WEBSTER and ASKONAS 1980) have shown that in mice, infectious virus is far more effective at inducing a class I MHC-restricted Tc-cell response than is inactivated virus. , ADA et al. 1981) and recently it has been found that influenza A virus, which was submitted to prolonged gamma-irradiation to destroy infectivity, not only could prime mice for a cross-reactive Tc-cell response but these mice were also protected against challenge by heterologous A strain viruses. This inactivation procedure was more effective than UV irradiation at "preserving" this property of the virus.

Children receiving an H3N2 ca reassortant vaccine appeared to be protected against subsequent natural infection with related H3N2 strains (WRIGHT et al. 1982; BELSHE et al. 1984). Ca reassortant vaccines are promising candidates for future influenza vaccines in view of their safety and immunogenicity, especially in unprimed children. Further studies are required to determine the duration of protection afforded and to determine if their efficacy in unprimed hosts and in heterotypic infection is superior to that of inactivated virus vaccines.

In view of the basic similarities in the structure of class I and class II MHC antigens, it could be thought that the form in which the foreign antigen was recognized might also have many similarities. This remains to be seen, but it can be anticipated that this will be a very active area for investigation in the next few years. There is still much discussion about the nature of the T-cell receptor and although there has been a strong swing in recent years to the concept of a single recognition-single receptor model for T cells, a recent spirited commentary (LANGMAN and CoHN 1985) maintains that the facts do not support this.

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