Download Culture and Retardation: Life Histories of Mildly Mentally by Robert D. Whittemore, L. L. Langness, Paul Koegel (auth.), PDF
By Robert D. Whittemore, L. L. Langness, Paul Koegel (auth.), L. L. Langness, Harold G. Levine (eds.)
Mental retardation within the usa is presently outlined as " ... signif icantly subaverage normal highbrow functioning latest simultaneously with deficits in adaptive habit, and manifested through the improvement interval" (Grossman, 1977). Of the anticipated six million plus mentally retarded participants during this kingdom totally seventy five to eighty five% are thought of to be "func tionally" retarded (Edgerton, 1984). that's, they're mildly retarded individuals with out obtrusive natural etiology or demonstrable mind pathology. regardless of the particularly fresh addition of adaptive habit as an element within the definition of retardation, 1.0. nonetheless is still because the crucial diagnostic criterion (Edgerton, 1984: 26). An 1.0. under 70 shows subaverage functioning. notwithstanding, even such an "objective" degree as 1.0. is prob lematic because various info point out really basically that cultural and social elements are at play in judgements approximately who's to be thought of "retarded" (Edgerton, 1968; Kamin, 1974; Langness, 1982). therefore, it's been identified for relatively your time that there's a shut dating among socio-economic prestige and the superiority of light psychological retardation: larger socio-economic teams have fewer mildly retarded people than decrease teams (Hurley, 1969). equally, it really is transparent that ethnic minorities within the usa - Blacks, Mexican-Americans, American Indians, Puerto Ricans, Hawaiians, and others - are disproportionately represented within the retarded inhabitants (Mercer, 1968; Ramey et ai., 1978).
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Extra resources for Culture and Retardation: Life Histories of Mildly Mentally Retarded Persons in American Society
The ability to consistently return home when it was about to tum dark was often beyond Sarah. On the few occasions that Sarah was not home by dark, Mrs. J. reported being worried and frantic. Each time Sarah was located, she was walking her dog and seemingly unconcerned about the darkness. Mrs. J. reported that these incidents made it hard for her to let Sarah go for walks alone but she felt it was important to allow her to function as independently as possible. Sarah's behavior on walks was not free from problems.
Collaborating on two mince pies, a sweet potato dish and stuffing. Because Colette cannot read, Linda had read the recipes while Colette carried out the instructions. , Colette had hustled the bird into the oven and placed donuts and a pot of coffee on the table for friends as she continued her dinner preparations. Later that night I was sure fatigue would set in, but now, serving the pie, she was floating, for she was playing her favorite role, that of housewife and hostess. " Colette asked as she offered me a squirt of whipped topping for my pie.
Reported that Sarah had always been "independent", wanting "to do things for herself'. Mrs. J. and Sarah, for example, read together at bedtime. Sarah often insisted on reading aloud to her mother, turning the pages, pointing out pictures and words, and talking in her "garbled way" (according to Mrs. ). This made the bedtime routine much longer than when Sarah's mother read. While this may be the case for many young children, Sarah's mother had less reason to expect that it would change as her child matured.