Download CompactPCI specification short form Rev 2.1 PDF

Read Online or Download CompactPCI specification short form Rev 2.1 PDF

Best electronics: radio books

Using Z.Specification,refinement,and proof

This publication includes adequate mnaterial for 3 whole classes of analysis. It presents an advent to the realm of good judgment, units and kinfolk. It explains using the Znotation within the specification of sensible structures. It indicates how Z necessities could be subtle to provide executable code; this can be established in a range of case reports.

Characterization Of Semiconductor Materials

Characterization of semiconductor fabrics and strategies used to signify them could be defined greatly during this new Noyes sequence. Written through specialists in each one topic region, the sequence will current the main updated details to be had during this quickly advancing box. comprises chapters on electric Characterization, Ion Mass Spectrometry, Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Ion/Solid Interactions and extra.

Handbook of Rf, Microwave, and Millimeter-wave Components.

"This targeted and complete source provides you with a close therapy of the operations ideas, key parameters, and particular features of energetic and passive RF, microwave, and millimeter-wave elements. The e-book covers either linear and nonlinear elements which are utilized in a variety of software parts, from communications and knowledge sciences, to avionics, area, and armed forces engineering.

Additional info for CompactPCI specification short form Rev 2.1

Example text

It has a fixed size F due to the fixed number of accumulator bits built into the hardware. The dual-modulus prescaler ratio P is normally fixed as well. 2 is the accumulator input K, which can be programmed from one to a maximum number of F. 6) where R is normally fixed to avoid changing the comparison frequency at the input. Note that R is normally as small as possible to minimize the in-band phase noise contribution from the crystal. Thus, step size is inversely proportional to the number of bits (log 2 F); as a result, the accumulator is normally used to reduce synthesizer step size without increasing R and degrading the in-band phase noise.

The summing block in the feedback is commonly called a phase detector. Through feedback, the loop forces the phase of the signal source to track the phase of the feedback signal; therefore, their frequencies must be equal. 1) Due to divider implementation details, it is not easy to make a divider that divides by noninteger values. Thus, a PLL synthesizer of this type is called an integer-N frequency synthesizer. Circuits inside the feedback loop can be described by their transfer functions. These transfer functions can be designed to engineer the system dynamics to meet design specifications for the synthesizer.

Samueli, ‘‘An Analysis of the Output Spectrum of Direct Digital Frequency Synthesizers in the Presence of Phase-Accumulator Truncation,’’ Proc. , Philadelphia, PA, May 1987, pp. 495–502. , and F. Maloberti, ‘‘A Direct-Digital Synthesizer with Improved Spectral Performance,’’ IEEE Trans. , Vol. 39, No. 7, July 1991, pp. 1046–1048. , H. T. Nicholas, and H. Samueli, ‘‘The Optimization of Direct Digital Frequency Synthesizer in the Presence of Finite Word Length Effects,’’ Proc. , Baltimore, MD, 1988, pp.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.55 of 5 – based on 25 votes