Download Common Morality: Deciding What to Do by Bernard Gert PDF

By Bernard Gert

Ethical difficulties don't constantly are available the shape of significant social controversies. extra usually, the ethical judgements we make are made quietly, regularly, and in the context of daily actions and quotidian dilemmas. certainly, those smaller judgements are according to an ethical starting place that few folks ever cease to consider yet which courses our each motion.

Here unusual thinker Bernard Gert offers a transparent and concise creation to what he calls "common morality"--the ethical approach that almost all considerate humans implicitly use whilst making daily, good judgment ethical judgements and judgments. 'Common Morality' comes in handy in that--while no longer resolving each confrontation on debatable issues--it is ready to distinguish among applicable and unacceptable solutions to ethical difficulties.

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However, rational persons may be prepared to suffer any of these harms if they have an adequate reason to do so. They sometimes undergo serious painful procedures in order to postpone death; however, they also sometimes choose to die more quickly in order to avoid continuing pain and suffering. Within limits, rational persons often differ in their rankings of the different harms. Although they agree on the basic kinds of things that are harms or evils, in particular circumstances they often disagree about which Introduction 13 evil, for example, death or pain, counts as worse.

The failure to appreciate this fact is responsible for the apparent plausibility of views that have no plausibility at all. Moral judgments are not made about actions on the basis of the good or bad consequences about which the agent is legitimately and totally ignorant. Even less controversial is the view that moral judgments are not made about actions on the basis of the good or bad consequences about which, at the time of acting, no one could have known. A completely unexpected fluke that results in an action that saves many people’s lives does not make the action morally good.

However, we normally talk about such actions as depriving a person of her freedom. Thus, including this kind of action as a violation of the rule against depriving a person of freedom seems both appropriate and easily understood. 5. ’’ People feel pleasure when they desire to continue doing or experiencing what they are presently doing or experiencing. Eating an ice cream cone, having your back scratched, working on a crossword puzzle, all provide pleasure when, even without external motivation, people want to continue these activities or experiences.

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