Download Commercializing biobased products : opportunities, by Seth W Snyder, James H Clark, George Kraus, Gene Petersen, PDF

By Seth W Snyder, James H Clark, George Kraus, Gene Petersen, Cristina Negri, Thaddeus Ezeji, Nasib Qureshi, Kim Magrini, Saurav Datta, Steven Peretti, Yanna Liang, YuPo Lin, Richard I Masel, Jennifer Dunn, Fengqi You, Robert E Kozak, Lara Dammer, Damian Bla

Biobased items supply giant fiscal and environmental merits, yet knowing how you can commercialize this calls for a complete examine the method, together with feedstocks, applied sciences, product slate, provide chain, coverage, financing, and environmental impact.

Covering biobased items in a extensive context, this ebook examines the environmental and financial affects, compares US and ecu guidelines, explores the standards affecting financing, and considers organic conversion, catalytic conversion, and separations.

By interpreting the method from a number of serious views within the offer chain, this ebook presents chemical engineers with a greater realizing of demanding situations, possibilities, hazards, and merits of commercialization.

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The main crop traits useful for this function include upright stiff stems and rhizomatous growth habit which both switchgrass and Miscanthus possess. Switchgrass was also effective in reducing nutrient runoff from manure and fertilizer applications,61 including dissolved and particulate phosphorus (48–38% respectively) and ammonia-N (60%). 5 Nutrient Management Nitrogen accumulation in aboveground biomass of switchgrass and Miscanthus was shown to be highly seasonal19 with summer concentrations being orders of magnitude higher than in winter for both crops because of N translocation to rhizomes in winter, which protects nitrogen from nitrification, denitrification and consequent loss as elemental nitrogen and nitrous oxide via air, or nitrate in water.

Com/news/_layouts/PressReleaseDetail. ID ¼ 259 August 11, 2010. 8. B. Vijayendran, Commentary: Bio products from biorefineries – trends, challenges and opportunities, J. Bus. , September, 2010. 24 Chapter 2 9. K. Gransalke, Mother Nature’s Drug Cabinet, Lab Times, February, 2011, 11(1), 16–19, Drug Discovery – Is Mother Nature still the number one source for promising new drugs?. 10. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 3. Dyes and Tannins, ed. P. C. M. Jansen and D. Cardon, PROTA Foundation, Wageningen, Netherlands/Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands/CTA, Wageningen, Netherlands, 2005.

4 m of soil. 41 In addition to exposing the plant to the larger pools of nutrients in the subsoil, this distributed root system allows switchgrass to tap into moisture present in the upper soil layers until the late summer and then access water from the lower soil layers when the upper layers are drier. 51 The rooting depth of short rotation woody crops has been reported as deep as 3 m52 and more. 53,54 Root density patterns in Miscanthus showing high root density at deeper soil layers (to 150–270 cm) was found by several authors,55,56 and by Riche and Christian (2001) cited in ref 55.

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