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By Wolfram Kaiser

Significant research of the function of ecu Christian democratic events within the making of the eu Union. It substantially re-conceptualises eu integration in long term ancient point of view because the end result of partisan pageant of political ideologies and events and their guiding principles for the way forward for Europe. Wolfram Kaiser takes a comparative method of political Catholicism within the 19th century, Catholic events in interwar Europe and Christian democratic events in postwar Europe and stories those events' cross-border contacts and co-ordination of policy-making. He exhibits how good networked celebration elites ensured that the origins of ecu Union have been predominately Christian democratic, with massive repercussions for the present-day ecu. The elites succeeded through intensifying their cross-border conversation and coordinating their political strategies and coverage making in govt. this can be a significant contribution to the hot transnational historical past of Europe and the background of ecu integration.

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Extra info for Christian Democracy and the Origins of European Union

Example text

The contribution of Pius IX to the transnationalisation of Catholicism in the nineteenth century was not limited to the organisational and doctrinal centralisation of the Church, however. The increasingly ultramontane and Romanised Church also encouraged the mobilisation and political engagement of Catholics for the defence of established Church rights and influence and later also for social reforms. This mobilisation facilitated transnational grassroots activities and resulting cultural transfer.

In countries like Belgium and the Netherlands, they even developed organised societal ‘pillars’, which were separate from liberal, Protestant and, later, socialist milieus of national societies. Catholics also developed highly effective forms of political communication including public demonstrations, symbolic politics and media campaigns. Across Europe, Catholics easily surpassed the middle-class dominated liberals and alone succeeded in competing effectively with the expanding socialism when it came to organising and mobilising their supporters and retaining their allegiance and personal commitment to common political causes.

The extremely defensive character of Catholic politics before World War I, which contributed to the predominately introspective domestic orientation of Catholic parties, also resulted from the imposition of the agenda of moderate to wholesale secularisation by liberals, republicans, democrats and socialists throughout Europe. The battles over such issues as state support for Church schools or the introduction of compulsory civil marriage certainly had the potential to allow social learning across borders in terms of national legislation and its administration – not only for liberals and anticlericals, but also for Catholics.

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