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By T.E. Lane (Editor)

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J Clin Invest 103:773–778 34. Greter M, Heppner FL, Lemos MP, Odermatt BM, Goebels N, Laufer T, Noelle RJ, Becher B (2005) Dendritic cells permit immune invasion of the CNS in an animal model of multiple sclerosis. Nat Med 11:328–334 35. Gu L, Tseng SC, Rollins BJ (1999) Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1. Chem Immunol 72:7–29 36. Gu L, Tseng S, Horner RM, Tam C, Loda M, Rollins BJ (2000) Control of TH2 polarization by the chemokine monocyte chemoattractant protein-1. Nature 404:407– 411 37. Haring JS, Pewe LL, Perlman S (2001) High-magnitude, virus-specific CD4 Tcell response in the central nervous system of coronavirus-infected mice.

31 NK Cell Responses in MCMV Infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 NK Cell Inflammatory Responses in Liver During MCMV Infection . . . 3 CCL3/MIP-1α: Primary Mediator of NK Cell Inflammation . . . . . MIP-1α and Antiviral Defenses: The Cytokine and Chemokine Networks . The Type 1 Interferons (IFN-α/β) Association . . . . . . . . . . The CXCL9/Mig Association . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 CCL2/MCP-1: The First Link . .

In vitro stimulation of naïve liver leukocytes obtained from immunocompetent mice with rIFN-α was shown to generate a dosedependent induction of MCP-1. Together, these studies clearly establish that the induction of MCP-1 protein in liver is dependent on IFN-α/β-mediated functions. Cytokine and Chemokine Networks: Pathways to Antiviral Defense 37 Fig. 2a, b Kinetics of MCP-1 and MIP-1α during MCMV infection in liver. Infected intraperitoneally with 5×104 plaque-forming units (pfu) MCMV were 129 mice.

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