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By Jonathan Simon

This e-book explores the background of pharmacy in France and its courting to the self-discipline of chemistry because it emerged first and foremost of the 19th century. It argues that an appreciation of the historical past of pharmacy is vital to an entire figuring out of the structure of recent technology, specifically the self-discipline of chemistry. As such, it offers a unique interpretation of the chemical revolution (c.1770-1789) that would, without doubt, generate a lot debate at the position of the chemical arts during this tale, a query that has hitherto lacked adequate scholarly mirrored image. moreover, the e-book situates this research in the broader context of the French Revolution, arguing that an intimate and direct hyperlink will be drawn among the political upheavals and our imaginative and prescient of the chemical revolution. the tale of the chemical revolution has often been informed through targeting the small workforce of French chemists who championed Lavoisier's oxygen thought, otherwise his rivals. this kind of point of view emphasises competing theories and interpretations of serious experiments, yet neglects the tough factor of who can be understood as practicing chemistry within the eighteenth century. by contrast, this examine strains the culture of pharmacy as a qualified pursuit that depended on chemical suggestions to organize medicinal drugs, and exhibits how one of many valuable components of the chemical revolution used to be the kind of unsleeping disassociation of the recent chemistry from this old chemical paintings.

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Example text

The question was whether or not to accede to Demachy's request and allow the publication of his speech, which he wanted to have circulated along with the rest of the proceedings from the two days of inaugural ceremonies. The vote was unanimous: nothing would be circulated, and this decision was dutifully registered in the records of the Collège de pharmacie: ... that the Provosts would beg of M. de Machy in no way to disseminate his speech, and, concerning the printing of this speech and of the minutes [of the ceremonies] the committee formally opposes it, signed, VASSOU, ROUELLE, TREVEZ, SIMONNET, BAYEN, CHARLARD, GILLET, BECQUERET, DELACOUR, TASSART.

35 'Si lorsque, prenant un vol plus hardi et passant de l'art utile de faire des préparations médicamenteuses a la mission sublime d'expliquer les plus grands phénomènes de la nature, elle a paru abandonner sa première origine pour se confondre avec la Physique, si on l'a vu renoncer au sein de sa nourrice, ne dissimulons pas que celle-ci n'a pas eté sans quelques torts a son egard. Combien de préjugés n'a-t-il pas fallu combattre pour maintenir cette ancienne alliance, & pour empêcher le facheux divorce dont elles ont éte menacées !

Fear that the status pretended to by the Collège de pharmacie would draw strong reactions from the surgeons, the Faculty of Medicine or perhaps from some other guild or academy. After all, the Collège had not yet received formal permission for the courses that were so openly promoted at this event. Whatever the reason, the outcome is incontestable, and the proceedings of these ceremonies would remain unpublished for another century and a half. This would not be the case for the next speech I will be examining, which was presented twenty years later in very different circumstances.

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