Download Cell Cycle Checkpoint Control Protocols (Methods in by Howard B. Lieberman PDF
By Howard B. Lieberman
A suite of uncomplicated state-of-the-art thoughts for learning the mechanisms underlying phone cycle legislation and checkpoint regulate. utilizing mammalian, yeast, and frog platforms, those with no trouble reproducible equipment can be utilized to urge mobilephone cycle checkpoints, observe alterations in mobilephone cycle development, determine and study genes and proteins that keep watch over the method, and symbolize chromosomal prestige as a functionality of mobile cycle section and development. every one totally demonstrated strategy contains step by step directions written by means of an investigator who generally plays it, an creation explaining the primary at the back of the strategy, gear and reagent lists, and tips about troubleshooting and fending off recognized pitfalls.
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Additional info for Cell Cycle Checkpoint Control Protocols (Methods in Molecular Biology Vol 241)
Masterflex peristaltic pump, Cole-Palmer Instruments. Electronic Coulter counter. Flow cytometer. 23G needle. Nylon mesh. 2. Reagents 1. Growth and elutriation media: minimum essential medium (MEM) with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) for growth and 5% deoxyhypusine synthase (DHS) for elutriation. 2. 5 M HEPES. 3. 5 M Na2 ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). 4. Trypsin solution. 5. 70% ethanol. 6. 1X Hank’s balanced salt solution (BSS). 7. 2-naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid dipotassium salt (NDA) from Eastman Kodak, Rochester, NY.
03% and should have little effect on cells. Methods for Synchronizing Mammalian Cells 15 2. Optimum trypsin concentration can vary for different cell types. 25%. One mM ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) can also be used. 3. Make sure that cells are in exponential growth, not approaching confluence, so that the mitotic index will be as high as possible. The limiting concentration of cells in the flask will depend on cell type. The number of plates needed will depend on how many cells need to be synchronized.
8. It is important to hold cells at the G1/S border with HU for approx 1 cell cycle time because some cells take much longer to traverse G1 than others. One cell cycle time will be sufficient for >95% of the cells to block at the G1/S border. HU may become toxic to cells after about 12 h, however (8). This is not the G1 checkpoint because HU allows cells to initiate DNA synthesis (7). 9. There will be a slight delay for cells to begin progression into S phase. However, by 1 h about 98% of cells should be in early S phase in a tight distribution (see Fig.