Download Deontic modality by Nate Charlow, Matthew Chrisman PDF

By Nate Charlow, Matthew Chrisman

A rare volume of modern paintings by means of philosophers of language, meta-ethicists, and semanticists has enthusiastic about the which means and serve as of language expressing techniques having to do with what's allowed, forbidden, required, or compulsory, in view of the necessities of morality, the legislations, one's personal tastes or pursuits, or what an expert has commanded: briefly, deontic modality.

This quantity offers new paintings at the much-discussed subject of deontic modality through major figures within the philosophy of language, meta-ethics, and linguistic semantics. The papers take on concerns concerning the position of selection and likelihood conception within the semantics of deontic modality, the viability of normal attainable worlds remedies of the reality stipulations of deontic modal sentences, the potential of dynamic semantic remedies of deontic modality, the technique of semantics for deontic modals, and the clients for representationalist, expressivist, and inferentialist remedies of deontic modality.

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Download Plurality, Conjunction and Events by P. Lasersohn PDF

By P. Lasersohn

Plurality, Conjunction and Events offers a singular idea of plural and conjoined words, in an event-based semantic framework. It starts off by way of reviewing concepts for treating the alternation among `collective' and `distributive' readings of sentences containing plural or conjoined noun words, together with analyses from either the trendy and the premodern literature. it's argued that plural and conjoined noun words are unambiguously group-denoting, and that the collective/distributive contrast consequently needs to be situated within the predicates with which those noun words mix. extra particularly, predicates should have a hidden argument position for occasions; the collective/distributive contrast might then be represented within the part/whole constitution of those occasions. this permits a traditional remedy of `collectivizing' adverbial expressions, and of `pluractional' affixes; it additionally permits a unified semantics for conjunction, during which conjoined sentences and predicates denote teams of occasions, very like conjoined noun words denote teams of people.

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Download Language, Discourse, and Praxis in Ancient China by Zhenbin Sun PDF

By Zhenbin Sun

This ebook investigates chinese language comprehension and therapy of the connection among language and truth. The paintings examines historic chinese language philosophy throughout the pair of options referred to as ming-shi. through examining the pre-Qin thinkers’ discourse on ming and shi, the paintings explores how chinese language philosophers handled concerns not just in language but additionally in ontology, epistemology, ethics, axiology, and good judgment. via this discourse research, readers are invited to reconsider the connection of language to idea and behaviour. the writer criticizes and corrects very important misunderstandings of chinese language tradition and highlights the anti-dualism and pragmatic personality of chinese language innovations. the wealthy that means of the ming-shi pair is displayed through revealing its connection to different philosophical matters. The chapters exhibit how discourse on language and truth shapes a principal attribute of chinese language tradition, the sensible zhi. They remove darkness from the interaction of chinese language theories of language and Dao as chinese language knowledge and worldview. Readers who're accustomed to pragmatics and postmodernism will realize the typical issues in historic chinese language philosophy and modern Western philosophy, as they emerge via those chapters. The paintings will relatively entice students of philosophy, philosophy of language, verbal exchange reviews and linguistics.

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Download Interpreting Motion: Grounded Representations for Spatial by Inderjeet Mani PDF

By Inderjeet Mani

Interpreting Motion provides an built-in point of view on how language buildings constrain thoughts of movement and the way the realm shapes the best way movement is linguistically expressed. average language makes it possible for effective verbal exchange of problematic descriptions of stream with out requiring an exact specification of the movement. studying movement is the 1st booklet to investigate the semantics of movement expressions when it comes to the formalisms of qualitative spatial reasoning. It indicates how movement descriptions in language are mapped to trajectories of relocating entities in line with qualitative spatio-temporal relationships. The authors offer an in depth dialogue of previous learn on spatial prepositions and movement verbs, devoting chapters to the compositional semantics of movement sentences, the formal representations wanted for desktops to cause qualitatively approximately time, house, and movement, and the technique for annotating corpora with linguistic info so as to coach desktop courses to breed the annotation. The functions they illustrate comprise direction navigation, the mapping of trip narratives, question-answering, snapshot and video tagging, and graphical rendering of scenes from textual descriptions.

The publication is written accessibly for a large medical viewers of linguists, cognitive scientists, desktop scientists, and people operating in fields reminiscent of man made intelligence and geographic info platforms.

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Download Geospatial Semantics and the Semantic Web: Foundations, by Eero Hyvönen, Jouni Tuominen, Tomi Kauppinen (auth.), Naveen PDF

By Eero Hyvönen, Jouni Tuominen, Tomi Kauppinen (auth.), Naveen Ashish, Amit P. Sheth (eds.)

The availability of geographic and geospatial details and companies, in particular at the open internet has turn into considerable within the final a number of years with the proliferation of on-line maps, geo-coding providers, geospatial net providers and geospatially enabled purposes. the necessity for geospatial reasoning has considerably elevated in lots of daily purposes together with own electronic assistants, internet seek functions, neighborhood conscious cellular prone, really expert platforms for emergency reaction, scientific triaging, intelligence research and extra.

Geospatial Semantics and the Semantic internet: Foundations, Algorithms, and Applications, an edited quantity contributed by means of global type leaders during this box, offers contemporary examine within the subject matter of geospatial semantics. This edited quantity provides new info platforms functions that experience capability for top influence and commercialization. additionally, distinct attempt was once made by means of the participants to target geospatial ontology improvement, comparable criteria, geospatial ontology alignment and integration, and algorithmic suggestions for geospatial semantics. Case reviews and examples may be supplied all through this publication in addition to probabilities for destiny research.

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Download Vagueness and Language Use (Palgrave Studies in Pragmatics, by Dr Paul Égré, P. Égré, N. Klinedinst PDF

By Dr Paul Égré, P. Égré, N. Klinedinst

This quantity brings jointly twelve papers by way of linguists and philosophers contributing novel empirical and formal concerns to theorizing approximately vagueness. 3 major concerns are addressed: gradable expressions and comparability, the semantics of measure adverbs and intensifiers (such as 'clearly'), and methods of evading the sorites paradox.

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Download Semantics in Acquisition by Greg Carlson Ph.D.Diss. (auth.), Veerle van Geenhoven (eds.) PDF

By Greg Carlson Ph.D.Diss. (auth.), Veerle van Geenhoven (eds.)

This booklet is exclusive in that it relates linguistic subfields: Semantics and Language Acquisition. the quantity includes a choice of writings that specializes in semantic phenomena and their interpretation within the research of the language of a learner. the diversity of phenomena which are addressed is huge: temporal point and stressful, specificity, quantification, scope, finiteness, concentration constitution, and concentration debris. The variety of languages during which those phenomena are investigated is huge besides: Dutch, English, German, Inuktitut, Italian, jap, and varnish, to call a couple of. the amount creates a theoretical in addition to an empirical bridge among semantic learn at the one hand and psycholinguistic acquisition reports at the other.

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Download Living Words: Language, Lexicography and the Knowledge by Tom McArthur PDF

By Tom McArthur

During this selection of articles, the writer displays at the nature of language, the paintings of lexicography and the advancements in verbal exchange, the media and data know-how within the past due twentieth century. the 3 major topics checked out are: language at huge, and particulary English, the main common language within the historical past of the area; the paintings and learn of dictionaries and reference technology, embracing all previous, current and power reference fabrics - from the "OED" to the "Yellow Pages"; and the strategies by which verbal exchange, info and data has evoloved - from cave artwork to the non-public desktop.

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Download Contexts of Metaphor (Current Research in the Semantics by LEEZENBERG PDF

By LEEZENBERG

This examine provides an method of metaphor that systematically takes contextual components into consideration. It analyses how metaphors either depend upon, and alter, the context within which they're uttered, and particularly, how metaphorical interpretation comprises the articulation of asserted, implied and presupposed fabric. It vitamins this semantic research with a practice-based account of metaphor on the conceptual point, which stresses the position of sociocultural components in idea formation.

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