Download Biodiesel Handbook The by edited by J.S. Bhatti ... [et al.]. PDF
By edited by J.S. Bhatti ... [et al.].
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Extra resources for Biodiesel Handbook The
Other alcohols (ethanol and butanol) require higher temperatures (75 and 114°C, respectively) for optimum conversion (12). Alkoxides in solution with the corresponding alcohol [made either by reacting the metal directly with alcohol or by electrolysis of salts and subsequent reaction with alcohol (18)] have the advantage over hydroxides that the water-forming reaction according to the equation R′OH + XOH → R′OX + H2O (R′ = alkyl; X = Na or K) cannot occur in the reaction system, thus ensuring that the transesterification reaction system remains as water free as possible.
92: 405–416 (2001). 8. A. Hanna, Biodiesel Production: A Review, Bioresour. Technol. 70: 1–15 (1999). 9. , R. M. Vargas, Transesterification of Vegetable Oils: A Review, J. Braz. Chem. Soc. 9: 199–210 (1998). 10. , Technologie der Methylesterherstellung—Anwendung für die Biodieselproduktion (Technology of Methyl Ester Production and Its Application to Biofuels), Fett/Lipid 99: 418–427 (1997). 11. H. Pryde, Fatty Esters from Vegetable Oils for Use as a Diesel Fuel, in Vegetable Oil Fuels, Proceedings of the International Conference on Plant and Vegetable Oils as Fuels, Fargo, ND, 1982, ASAE Publication 4-82, pp.
Preparation of TMS derivatives is important because it improves the chromatographic properties of the hydroxylated materials and, in case of coupling to a mass spectrometer, facilitates interpretation of their mass spectra. 1-µm film of (5%-phenyl)-methylpolysiloxane of 10–12/15-m length were used. d. packed column (8). Most reports on the use of GC for biodiesel analysis employ FID. The use of mass spectrometric detectors (MSD) would eliminate any ambiguities about the nature of the eluting materials because mass spectra unique to individual compounds would be obtained, although quantitation may be affected.