Download Beowulf Unlocked: New Evidence from Lexomic Analysis by Michael D.C. Drout, Yvette Kisor, Leah Smith, Allison PDF

By Michael D.C. Drout, Yvette Kisor, Leah Smith, Allison Dennett, Natasha Piirainen

The most unusual and ground-breaking paintings on Beowulf in numerous a long time, this booklet makes use of “lexomic” tools that mix computer-assisted statistical research with conventional ways to bare new and incredible information regarding the development and resources of the best surviving previous English poem. innovations of cluster research establish styles of vocabulary distribution that point out strong similarities and transformations between segments of the poem. The correlation of those styles with wisdom received from source-study, philological research, and missed prior scholarship sheds new mild at the fabric of which Beowulf used to be made and how it was once composed. the consequences of this research for the courting, constitution, and cultural context of Beowulf will overturn the present scholarly consensus and considerably enhance our realizing of the poem, its nature, and origins.

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Extra info for Beowulf Unlocked: New Evidence from Lexomic Analysis

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5 Analysis of the A-Scribe Dendrogram From these divisions we produce Fig. 4, a dendrogram which we believe to be the most accurate representation of the robust relationships among segments of the A-Scribe text. At the highest-levels of the dendrogram, the text divides into α, a simplicifolious clade that contains only segment C1; and β, which is made up of the rest of the text through line 1887. Clade β divides into two branches, the bifolious γ, containing only segments D1 and G1, and δ, which splits into four-leafed ε and two-leafed ζ.

However, there are times when the distinction between þis and ðis might be relevant to an analysis, in which case consolidation would eliminate potentially useful data. 3 Unfortunately for the present analysis, Beowulf is one case in which consolidated and unconsolidated texts produce dendrograms with significantly differing geometries and so, as discussed below, simple consolidation was not sufficient. Tironian note creates a related but slightly different problem, because it can be expanded to and or ond or kept as an abbreviation.

For instance, none of the treatments of the past wars between the Swedes and Geats are as large as the single continuous Finnsburg episode; instead, these digressions are interspersed with other content in at least three main sections, and the fight with the dragon is divided up into multiple episodes separated by other material, only some of which is part of the main line of the narrative action. Furthermore, most of the more obvious potential sub-sections of this part of the poem are substantially smaller than our minimum segment size.

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