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By Katja Hetterle

This examine investigates adverbial clauses from a cross-linguistic viewpoint. based on different contemporary typological examine within the context of complicated sentences and clause-linkage, it proceeds from an in depth, multivariate research of the morphosyntactic features of the phenomenon below scrutiny.

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In particular, I thank Karsten Schmidtke-Bode, who has been great company since the beginning of my academic career. Karsten and I spent countless days discussing subordinate clauses in the languages of the world, and I am enormously grateful for his ever-open ears and professional advice, for his comments and suggestions, and for the last-minute proof-readings of parts of the dissertation, all of which have been invaluable to me. Special thanks also goes to Martin Schäfer for his patient and witty proof-reading of one of the longer chapters, as well as a number of experts in statistics with whom I discussed various statistical challenges: Daniel Wiechmann, Jens Schumacher, Wolfhard Kaus, and Gerald Lackner.

2006) about the regularity and distribution of patterns of linguistic variation. , Comrie 1989: 33–34). Different kinds of linguistic universals describe cross-linguistic patterns and the constraints governing them. On the one hand, unrestricted universals state that all languages behave identically with respect to a particular feature. 2). An example of the latter is the correlation between the order of object and verb in independent declarative clauses and the order of relative clause and noun: (5) If in a language the verb precedes the object, the relative clause will usually follow the head noun (cf.

If a particular variant is selected increasingly frequently by an entire speech community, it becomes conventionalized and eventually “fixed” in the grammar of the language. According to this view, grammars are but “’frozen’ or fixed’ performance preferences” (Hawkins 2004: 15). The PGCH states that “[g]rammars have conventionalized syntactic structures in proportion to their degree of preference in performance, as evidenced by patterns of selection in corpora and by ease of processing in psycholinguistic experiments” (Hawkins 2004: 15).

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