Download Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable by Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes PDF

By Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes

Membranes are essentially designed to split specific gases/liquids from different streams of gas/liquids, which offers an more and more vital and promising power to either the normal and substitute energy sectors, in addition to to scrub purposes. Advances in fabrics advancements in addition to laptop modeling and simulation have contributed tremendously to this box, taking into consideration better layout and manufacture of selective membrane as severe elements for such strength and environmental structures as gasoline processing, ion shipping, osmosis and filtration. The calls for of sustainable power creation and fresh proceed to force membrane improvement towards the target of straightforward, effective, and simply built-in structures that provide reasonably cheap, trustworthy processing and operation. This e-book offers a accomplished evaluation membrane technology and expertise, concentrating on advancements and functions within the parts of sustainable power and clean-industry. The e-book at the start offers with primary technological know-how and engineering of membrane layout, improvement and manufacture, together with operational concerns, functionality and financial research . insurance keeps with reports of the most membrane software within the traditional power and petrochemical industries, together with membranes for carbon dioxide (CO2) and oxygen (O2) separation, besides gasoline and flue gasoline processing. the choice energy quarter is then thought of, with assessment of gas mobilephone, electrolyser and battery membrane expertise advancements, in addition to for hydrogen (H2) separation and osmotic functions. the ultimate part studies environmental and clean-industry purposes, comparable to ultrafiltration and dangerous waste processing.

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Indd 3 8/5/11 10:45:02 AM 4 Advanced membrane science and technology mass transfer area to process large amounts of feed stream. The selected membrane has to have high selectivity (rejection) properties for certain particles, it has to resist fouling and to have high mechanical stability. It also needs to be reproducible and to have low manufacturing costs (Mulder, 1996). The success of membrane processes is related to their performances and feasibility of use. In this chapter a brief description of membrane processes, configurations, operating conditions and applications is reported.

6–2 mm diameter) tubes or fibres. The feed solution flows through the open cores of the fibres and then the permeate is collected in the cartridge area surrounding the fibres. The filtration can be carried out either ‘inside-out’ or ‘outside-in’. 8 Operating membrane systems Dead-end filtration The most basic form of filtration is dead-end filtration. The complete feed flow is forced through the membrane and the filtered matter is accumulated on the surface of the membrane. The dead-end filtration is a batch process as accumulated matter on the filter decreases the filtration capacity, owing to clogging.

V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis (TIPS), Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia Abstract: This chapter discusses the principles of gas and vapour permeation and separation in non-porous polymeric membranes. The dependence of permeability, diffusion and solubility coefficients on the parameters of gaseous penetrants and properties of polymers are considered. Special sections deal with the effects of pressure and temperature on the transport parameters. A brief survey is given on membrane gas separation materials and the problems of gas separation that can be solved using membranes.

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