Download Adjectives: Formal Analyses in Syntax and Semantics by Patricia Cabredo Hofherr (ed.), Ora Matushansky (ed.) PDF
By Patricia Cabredo Hofherr (ed.), Ora Matushansky (ed.)
Adjectives are relatively much less good studied than the lexical different types of nouns and verbs. the current quantity brings jointly experiences within the syntax and semantics of adjectives. 4 of the contributions examine the syntax of adjectives in numerous languages (English, French, Mandarin chinese language, sleek Hebrew, Russian, Spanish, and Serbocroatian). The theoretical concerns explored contain: the syntax of attributive and predicative adjectives, the syntax of nominalized adjectives and the identity of adjectives as a different lexical class in Mandarin chinese language. another 4 contributions study diversified facets within the semantics of adjectives in English, French, and Spanish, facing superlatives, comparatives, and element in adjectives. This quantity can be of curiosity to researchers and scholars in syntax, formal semantics, and language typology.
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Extra resources for Adjectives: Formal Analyses in Syntax and Semantics
Where Have all the Adjectives Gone? and Other Essays on Semantics and Syntax. Berlin: Mouton. W. 2004. Adjective classes in typological perspective. W. Dixon & A. Aikhenvald (eds), 1–49. Oxford: OUP. W & Aikhenvald, A. (eds). 2004. Adjective Classes: A Cross-linguistic Typological Study. Oxford: OUP. Doetjes, J. 2008. Adjectives and degree modification. In Adjectives and Adverbs, L. McNally & C. Kennedy (eds), 123–155. Oxford: OUP. , Neeleman, A. & van de Koot, H. 1998. Degree expressions and the autonomy of syntax.
This correlates well with the fact that such adjectives are excluded from the predicative use (Aljović 2000 for BCS; Corbett 2004; Timberlake 1993 for Russian). Besides, the short-long distinction is subject to dialectal variation and change. One illustration of the latter is the fact that nominal inflections exist only in masculine and neuter singular contexts in BCS. Consequently, many syncretic forms exist although the language developed some other (mainly prosodic) means to distinguish the two adjectival forms.
Corbett 2004, Timberlake 1993, Babby (this volume), and also the references cited in Note 4). BCS is the only Slavic language that preserves major morphological and syntactic aspects of the original (OCS) distinction between short and long adjectives in a certain number of case-number-gender contexts. The morphology of BCS still distinguishes nominal and pronominal inflections in the masculine and neuter singular. 2. Abbreviations used in the glosses are as follows: nom gen dat acc nominative genitive dative accusative sg pl m nt singular plural masculine neuter f feminine agr agreement (marker) aux auxiliary verb Numbers (1, 2, or 3) refer to persons.