Download A Study on the Thematic, Narrative, and Musical Structure of by Yumin Ao PDF
By Yumin Ao
This booklet is a learn of the thematic, narrative, and musical constitution of Yuanqu xuan [A collection of Yuan performs] version of the Yuan zaju (variety play) Dou E yuan [Injustice to Dou E] initially composed by means of the very popular playwright Guan Hanqing (fl. 1260). even if different authors have studied those 3 points of Dou E yuan individually, this is often the 1st finished remedy of the subject as a scholarly monograph in English. Yumin Ao’s research relies at the version of the play within the Yuanqu xuan [A choice of Yuan performs] compiled by means of the Ming writer Zang Maoxun (ca. 1550-1620). Ao proposes that Dou E yuan, as a dramatic narrative which develops via its enactment at the level instead of by way of verbal presentation as a narrative, screens its integrative constitution of narration via its thematic improvement and inside its musical conventions.
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Additional info for A Study on the Thematic, Narrative, and Musical Structure of Guan Hanqing's Yuan Zaju, Injustice to Dou E (Currents in Comparative Romance Languages and Literatures)
He argues that Mongol clemency toward the four northern Chinese cities which surrendered to “barbarian” rule, and which managed to become enclaves of Yuan zaju, allowed them to grow into the 9 Zhong Sicheng, “LGB,” in Lidai quhua huibian: xinbian Zhongguo gudian xiqu lunzhu jicheng 歷代曲話彙編: 新編中國古典戲曲論著集成 (唐宋元編) [A New Collection of Treaties on Classical Chinese Theatre; hereafter cited as QHHB (Tang-Song-Yuan Volume)], eds. Yu Weimin 俞為民 and Sun Rongrong 孫蓉蓉 (Hefei: Huangshan shushe, 2006), 318. 10 Ibid.
Hackett Publishing, 2010), xxviii. 44 West, “A Study in Appropriation,” 283–302. : Stanford University Press, 2004), 80; Zang Maoxun 臧懋循. Fubao tang ji 負苞堂集 [Collected Writings from Fubao Hall] (Shanghai: Gudian wenxue chubanshe, 1958), 84–5. 2 Comparison of the Gu mingjia and Yuanqu xuan Editions of Dou E yuan46 Gu mingjia (GMJ) edition of 1588 Zang Maoxun, Yuanqu xuan (YQX) Longer timu 題目 (title) and zhengming 正名 (name) No wedge Less complex plot and less detailed dialogue Fewer arias in Acts I, III, and IV Shorter timu and zhengming Wedge Plot alterations and more specific and detailed dialogue, especially in Act IV Zang Maoxun adds his own arias to Acts I, III, and IV Master metaphor of economic transaction: Metaphor of economic transaction exists but debt, repayment, commodification, and not so prominent reciprocity Theme of karma weaker Theme of karma strong Cai Popo marries Old Zhang Cai Popo does not marry Old Zhang, but the marriage remains under negotiation Dou E resents her mother-in-law, even Less criticism of Cai Popo; theme of Dou E abusing her as a filial daughter-in-law strong Motive of sexuality strong Motive of sexuality weak The themes that were present in the original GMJ edition that were de-emphasised by Zang Maoxun include the idea of sexual deprivation, karmic retribution and the metaphors of economic transaction.
Guan Hanqing styled himself the “leader of all the dandies under Heaven and of all the wastrels in the world” (wo shi ge putianxia langjun lingxiu gai shijie langzi 2 Crump, Chinese Theater in the Days of Kublai Khan, 19. 3 He had a lifetime association with the actors and courtesans in the lower Yuan social strata from which entertainers normally originated. He also revealed that he preferred to “amuse [sc. 4 In the second stanza, his depression arose from the severely curtailed career opportunities for political advancement for a Confucian scholar at that time,5 and he intentionally distracted himself from such disappointment among “flowers” (hua 花), which is a metaphorical reference to courtesans.