Download A study on the Ratnagotravibhaga (Uttaratantra) by Jikido Takasaki PDF

By Jikido Takasaki

The Ratnagotravibhaga, sometimes called the Uttaratantra, is the single Indian treatise dedicated to the Mahayana doctrine of Tathagatagarbha, or the thought that each one beings own inside themselves the virtues and knowledge of a Tathagata, or Buddha, albeit in embryonic shape (garbha). the current paintings, first released in 1966 and right here reprinted for the 1st time, presents the single entire English translation of this crucial textual content.

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Extra info for A study on the Ratnagotravibhaga (Uttaratantra)

Sample text

They seem to have appeared after Nāgārjuna, and the tathāgatagarbha theory, like the Vijñānavāda, is an entirely new and later theory of Mahāyāna Buddhism. Besides these scriptures on the tathāgatagarbha theory, the names Prajñāpāramitāsūtra and Saddharmapundarīka, two main and basic scriptures of Mahāyāna Buddhism, are mentioned in the Ratna. There is no quotation from the Saddharmapundarīka, but it is clear that this scripture had influenced the Ratna. much with its ekayāna theory and the doctrine of the eternal Buddha.

Namely, samvrtikāya, representing parârtha, is said to be vipāka-phala, in contrast with paramārthakāya as visamyogaphala which represents svârtha. This usage seems to relate to the character of sambhogakāya as the ' reward ' of infinite practice (bhāvanā) before Enlightenment. If it were so, Enlightenment or jñānâpti may also be termed vipākaphala because of its character of svasambhoga, while to include the nirmānakāya within vipākaphala is improper; what is proper to the nirmānakāya is the term nisyanda, because this kāya is said to be the incarnation of the dharmakāya50>.

This term was absolutized even in the Pali and in the Adhidharma Buddhism as an idea contrary to samsāra and is stated to be the realm of peace (' śāntipatha '). Mahāyāna Buddhism rebelled against the dualistic conception of Nirvana and Satnsāra and emphasized the oneness of both in the sense that Nirvana is the only reality; and Nirvana was regarded as synonymous with ' dharmatā', ' dharmadhātu', or ' dharmakāya'. Originally, however, by ' nirvana' is meant a state 4 attained ' by the Buddha and hence, like ' bodhi', it shows the ' result '-aspect of the Absolute.

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