Download A Hybrid Theory of Metaphor: Relevance Theory and Cognitive by M. Tendahl PDF

By M. Tendahl

A scary new method of how we comprehend metaphors completely evaluating and contrasting the claims made by means of relevance theorists and cognitive linguists. The ensuing hybrid idea exhibits the complementarity of many positions in addition to the necessity and danger of accomplishing a broader and extra lifelike conception of our knowing.

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Extra resources for A Hybrid Theory of Metaphor: Relevance Theory and Cognitive Linguistics

Example text

E. e. by choosing at random premises leading to a logical conclusion which can be confirmed subsequently. Wilson (2000: 423) remarks that ‘an assumption cannot be known or believed without being explicitly represented; but it can be manifest to an individual if it is merely capable of being non-demonstratively inferred’. In a footnote, Wilson (2000: footnote 1) adds that assumptions which have not been represented before must ‘at least be deducible from assumptions explicitly represented’. Thus, manifest assumptions need not have been represented before, although, of course, they may have been, and furthermore they may be the outcome of a non-logical process.

Similarly, it is argued, a single utterance could be interpreted The Relevance-Theory Approach to Metaphor 37 in many ways and be processed indefinitely, but we usually manage to interpret utterances in a more or less, yet normally fairly restricted, manner, because we focus on relevant interpretations. Utterances may be interpreted in such a large number of ways, because the linguistic form of utterances is vastly underdetermined. 4, we need to determine referents, disambiguate expressions, assign interpretations to vague expressions, determine the scope of quantifiers, resolve illocutionary indeterminacies, etc.

It is possible to say that the referee’s action of blowing the whistle has turned this manifest assumption into The Relevance-Theory Approach to Metaphor 21 a known fact. What this example also points out is that manifestness is a very formal property which is a bit remote from the information we actually incorporate in communication. The problem is that any assumption can be considered to be manifestly present, as long as it could theoretically be confirmed. An even greater problem is that manifestness sometimes comes after the fact.

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