Download A Brief History of Thought: A Philosophical Guide to Living by Luc Ferry PDF

By Luc Ferry

8 months at the bestseller lists in France!

From the undying knowledge of the traditional Greeks to Christianity, the Enlightenment, existentialism, and postmodernism, Luc Ferry’s quick vintage brilliantly and accessibly explains the iconic teachings of philosophy—including its profound relevance to fashionable way of life and its crucial function achieve happiness and dwelling a significant lifestyles. This energetic trip in the course of the nice thinkers will enlighten each reader, old and young.

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D oes life imprisonment consume tax dollars that would produce more happiness if redirected to hospitals, schools, and public parks? Taking everything into account, if executing a prisoner produces more happiness than alternatives such as life imprisonment, then executing him is the right thing to do. ” Act-consequentialists, like Bentham, say we should judge each individual action b y how much impar tial good it pr oduces. Ruleconsequentialists, like Mill, argue that we should act according to rules that, if we follow them, pr oduce the most impar tial good.

But if invading Japan had been necessary, it would have cost many casualties on both sides. S. casualties alone range up to one hundred thousand. Suppose using the A-bomb on a city really would cost fewer lives than invading Japan. In that case, wouldn’t everyone agree with the consequentialist that bombing Hiroshima was the morally right decision? No. Philosopher Elizabeth Anscombe argued forcefully that the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were intrinsically immoral and unjustifiable, regardless of whether on balance they sav ed lives by ending the war mor e quickly.

15). Why? This relates to a point we discussed earlier: Kongzi’s emphasis upon tradition. If our thinking has any content to begin with, it frames that content in terms of the language, concepts, values, and paradigms that we have inherited from our culture. If our understanding of that cultural tradition is shallo w, then our thinking will also be shallo w. Thus, from an authentic Confucian perspective, the thoughtless conservative and the unrealistic radical are really just the flip sides of the same coin: someone who mouths slogans he does not understand, and rejects positions he does not fully appreciate.

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